Understanding fibroid treatment options
A uterine fibroid is a non-cancerous tumor that starts out from the myometrium, a smooth muscle layer, and the associated connective tissues in the uterus. Most common of the non-cancerous tumors that women will encounter, uterine fibroids usually manifest during the middle and latter reproductive years. It might be hard to determine when fibroid treatment options are to be considered because most cases of fibroids are asymptomatic.
Over time, they grow and lead to painful and heavy menstruation periods, painful sexual intercourse, and frequent and urgent urination. Some may even interfere with pregnancies although reported cases are very rare. Some of the disorders that may manifest as well include iron deficiency and anemia due to heavy bleeding, bloating and constipation due to pressure in the gastrointestinal area, hydronephrosis due to ureter compression, and adenomyosis.
There are several fibroid treatment options available so there are a number for you to take advantage of in order to take care of the condition. However, as the condition is asymptomatic, it is not surprising that a lot of women do not even realize that they need to consider fibroid treatment options. Some of the fibroid treatment options you can take advantage of include:
- Medication – different kinds of medications are in place in order to take care of different symptoms that may arise. There are oral contraceptives for reducing cramps and uterine bleeding. There are also NSAIDs for reducing painful menstruation. For women that develop anemia due to heavy bleeding, iron supplements are also easily available. Natural fibroid treatment like Fibroids Miracle is also available.
- Uterine Artery Embolization – with the help of interventional radiology, uterine arteries are occluded in order to reduce blood supply to the fibroid, which should effectively stunt the growth of the fibroid. Recovery is to be expected within a few days after the procedure but this is one of the fibroid treatment options that should be avoided as much as possible when fertility is to be preserved in order to make it possible for the patient to bear children in the future.
- Uterine Artery Ligation – uterine artery ligation is similar to uterine artery embolization in scope and aim except the procedure is done laparoscopically or transvaginally. While relatively new, uterine artery ligation has been proven to be easier to perform and fewer side effects were reported.
- Radio frequency ablation – one of the minimally invasive fibroid treatment options, radio frequency ablation is a technique where the fibroid is shrunk with the use of a needle-like device heated with radio-frequency electrical energy to kill off cells. This is the best option for women who no longer want to have children but would still like to avoid a hysterectomy.
- Myomecteomy – when conservative treatment options have failed to clear up a fibroid, myomecteomy is considered. Essentially, myomecteomy is the surgical removal of a fibroid. There are three kinds of myomecteomy that may be utilized: hysteroscopic, laparoscopic, and laparotomic.
- Hysterectomy – when all treatment options have failed, hysterectomy is the last option that women have. Yes, it is effective in that not one fibroid will remain, but since the uterus will be taken out, a hysterectomy also wipes out any chances that a woman will still bear children.